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RRTC Research

Welcome to RRTC Research. This section describes the research studies that have been (and are being) conducted by the RRTC Health and Wellness Consortium. For a quick overview of each study with status and progress to date, click the links to the left.

Part of the mission of the RRTC is to conduct research that is scientifically based, participatory and applicable. In this section, we provide a conceptual overview of how the studies relate to each other and together provide a broad picture of health and wellness for persons with disabilities. Different studies address Persons with Disabilities directly, health care providers, or address policies that influence the opportunities for health and wellness for persons with long term disabilities. Quick links below describe each study.

Self-Definitions of Health Practices: A study of the health and wellness definitions, promotion practices, barriers and opportunities considered to be important by individuals with long-term disabilities.

Health Constructs: A model of health and wellness for people with disabilities was developed, and instruments and techniques used to assess components of the health and wellness model were evaluated to determine their efficacy for use in various populations of people with disabilities.

Wellness Policy: A study on policy options and opportunities for improving access to quality medical care and health promotion programs from a variety of expert sources, including persons with disabilities who are experiencing health and wellness problems, and other primary and secondary sources.

Health Practices in Managed Care: A project on the impact of the managed care revolution on the health care experience of individuals with disabilities.

Provider Health Promotion: Two studies to examine the wellness promotion practices of primary care physicians as they relate to adults and children with physical disabilities.

Alcohol and Drug Treatment: A population-based study in one state (Oregon) to examine substance abuse treatment services for Medicaid-eligible persons with disabilities. More specifically, an examination of whether persons with disabilities differed from other Medicaid-eligible groups in their access, utilization, and success rates in publicly-funded outpatient alcohol and drug treatment programs.

BRFSS Health Behaviors and Outcomes: An examination of basic health status differences between people with and without disabilities, using the CDC's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 1998.

Health Practices and Secondary Conditions: A currently-underway study on to clarify the relative importance of specific demographic, general health maintenance, disability-related health maintenance, and contextual factors, and their association with the presence of secondary conditions for persons with spinal cord injury.

Cancer Incidence and Detection: A research project to study the hypothesis that people with certain types of disabilities are more likely to be diagnosed with smoking-related cancers and less likely to obtain timely cancer screening.

Women's Reproductive Health: A study to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of instructional modules on the Internet in improving reproductive health care knowledge and behaviors among women with physical disabilities.

Transtheoretical Physical Activity Strategies: The purpose of this study was to identify which constructs from the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change (behavioral and cognitive processes of change, decisional balance, and self-efficacy), along with exercise barriers, mostly affect individuals with disabilities' stage of change for exercise behavior.

Physical Activity Promotion: A study of the development and comparison of interactive vs. non-interactive one-month electronically delivered motivational materials tailored to adults with physical disabilities in the initial stages of exercise behavior change (i.e., precontemplation, contemplation, and preparation).

Culturally Responsive Health Promotion: An internal investigation into how the Center can better involve ethnically and culturally diverse persons with disabilities in research and training project planning and recruitment activities. The process includes identification of key practices and policies that promote the involvement of ethnically and culturally diverse persons in research and training projects, and evaluation of the impact that the adoption of these policies and practices has on participant involvement and staff.

Self-Directed Health Promotion Screening: A study using the Center's emerging knowledge to develop a screening tool that people with disabilities can use to survey their own health practices.

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Updated 2/7/05