Welcome to RRTC Research. This section describes the
research studies that have been (and are being) conducted by the
RRTC Health and Wellness Consortium. For a quick overview of each
study with status and progress to date, click the links to the left.
Part of the mission of the RRTC is to conduct research that is scientifically
based, participatory and applicable. In this section, we provide
a conceptual overview of how the studies relate to each other and
together provide a broad picture of health and wellness for persons
with disabilities. Different studies address Persons with Disabilities
directly, health care providers, or address policies that
influence the opportunities for health and wellness for persons
with long term disabilities. Quick links below describe each study.
Self-Definitions of Health Practices: A study of the
health and wellness definitions, promotion practices, barriers and
opportunities considered to be important by individuals with long-term
Health Constructs: A model of health and wellness
for people with disabilities was developed, and instruments and
techniques used to assess components of the health and wellness
model were evaluated to determine their efficacy for use in various
populations of people with disabilities.
Wellness Policy: A study on policy options and opportunities
for improving access to quality medical care and health promotion
programs from a variety of expert sources, including persons with
disabilities who are experiencing health and wellness problems,
and other primary and secondary sources.
Health Practices in Managed Care: A project on the
impact of the managed care revolution on the health care experience
of individuals with disabilities.
Provider Health Promotion: Two studies to examine
the wellness promotion practices of primary care physicians as they
relate to adults and children with physical disabilities.
Alcohol and Drug Treatment: A population-based study
in one state (Oregon) to examine substance abuse treatment services
for Medicaid-eligible persons with disabilities. More specifically,
an examination of whether persons with disabilities differed from
other Medicaid-eligible groups in their access, utilization, and
success rates in publicly-funded outpatient alcohol and drug treatment
BRFSS Health Behaviors and Outcomes: An examination
of basic health status differences between people with and without
disabilities, using the CDC's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance
System data from 1998.
Health Practices and Secondary Conditions: A currently-underway
study on to clarify the relative importance of specific demographic,
general health maintenance, disability-related health maintenance,
and contextual factors, and their association with the presence
of secondary conditions for persons with spinal cord injury.
Cancer Incidence and Detection: A research project
to study the hypothesis that people with certain types of disabilities
are more likely to be diagnosed with smoking-related cancers and less likely to obtain timely cancer screening.
Women's Reproductive Health: A study to develop and
evaluate the effectiveness of instructional modules on the Internet
in improving reproductive health care knowledge and behaviors among
women with physical disabilities.
Transtheoretical Physical Activity Strategies: The
purpose of this study was to identify which constructs from the
Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change (behavioral and
cognitive processes of change, decisional balance, and self-efficacy),
along with exercise barriers, mostly affect individuals with disabilities'
stage of change for exercise behavior.
Physical Activity Promotion: A study of the development
and comparison of interactive vs. non-interactive one-month electronically
delivered motivational materials tailored to adults with physical
disabilities in the initial stages of exercise behavior change (i.e.,
precontemplation, contemplation, and preparation).
Culturally Responsive Health Promotion: An internal
investigation into how the Center can better involve ethnically
and culturally diverse persons with disabilities in research and
training project planning and recruitment activities. The process
includes identification of key practices and policies that promote
the involvement of ethnically and culturally diverse persons in
research and training projects, and evaluation of the impact that
the adoption of these policies and practices has on participant
involvement and staff.
Self-Directed Health Promotion Screening: A study
using the Center's emerging knowledge to develop a screening tool
that people with disabilities can use to survey their own health